Just like diminutives, augmentatives have different uses and there are several augmentative endings. These often convert everyday words into local slang. The most common Spanish Suffixes are: ón/ona, ozo/oza, and ote/ota.
In Spanish, augmentatives are used to express large size or great intensity
|Grande – big||Grandote – huge|
|Perro – dog||Perrote – big dog|
|Beso – kiss||Besote – big kiss|
You’ll often hear augmentatives in Spanish when people are very excited about something, especially when telling stories and wanting to exaggerate size, intensity, enthusiasm, etc. A classic Latin American example is:
|Gol – a goal, in soccer||Golazo – an amazing soccer goal|
There are some words that change meanings when an augmentative is used. Here are a few examples:
|Caja – box||Cajón – drawer|
|Calle – street||Callejón – alley|
|Colcha – bedspread||Colchón – mattress|
|Rata – rat||Ratón – mouse|
|Cuchara – spoon||Cucharón – ladle|
|Silla – chair||Sillón – armchair|
Can you think of any other augmentatives in Spanish or augmentative pairs?
Check out these other articles to help you Learn Spanish.